Book details: BARANOVICHSKOE GETTO; KOLDYCHEVSKII LAGER’ SMERTI
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$US 100.00
Sherman, B. P.
BARANOVICHSKOE GETTO; KOLDYCHEVSKII LAGER’ SMERTI
Imprint: Baranovichi; B. Sherman, 1997
Edition: First Edition
Binding: Paperback
Original Wrappers. 8vo. 99 pages. 21 cm. First edition. In Russian. A history of the Baranovichi Ghetto and the Koldychevo Camp. “On the eve of the Holocaust, 12, 000 Jews lived in Baranovichi. Under Soviet rule (1939–41) , Jewish community organizations were disbanded and any kind of political or youth activity was forbidden. Some youth groups organized flight to Vilna, which was then part of Lithuania, and from there reached Palestine. The Hebrew Tarbut school became a Russian institution. A Jewish high school did continue to function, however. In the summer of 1940 Jewish refugees from western Poland who had found refuge in Baranovichi after September 1939 were deported to the Soviet interior. When Germans captured the city on June 27, 1941, 400 Jews were kidnapped, leaving no trace. A Judenrat was set up, headed by Joshua Izikzon. The community was forced to pay a fine of five kg. Of gold, ten kg. Of silver, and 1, 000, 000 rubles. The ghetto was fenced off from the outside on Dec. 12, 1941. The ghetto inhabitants suffered great hardship that winter, although efforts were made to alleviate the hunger. The Jewish doctors and their assistants fought to contain the epidemics. On March 4, 1942, the ghetto was surrounded. In a Selektion carried out by the Nazis to separate the "productive" from the "nonproductive", over 3, 000 elderly persons, widows, orphans, etc. , were taken to trenches prepared in advance and murdered. Resistance groups, organized in the ghetto as early as the spring of 1942, collected arms and sabotaged their places of work. Plans for rebellion were laid, but the uprising never came to pass, partly due to German subterfuge. In the second German Aktion on Sept. 22, 1942, about 3, 000 persons were murdered. On Dec. 17, 1942, another Aktion was carried out, in which more than 3, 000 persons were killed near Grabowce. Baranovichi was now declared judenrein . At the end of 1942 Jews were already fighting in groups among the partisans. A few survivors from the ghetto were still in some of the forced labor camps in the district, but most of them were liquidated in 1943. On July 8, 1944, when the city was taken by the Soviet forces, about 150 Jews reappeared from hiding in the forests. Later a few score more returned from the U. S. S. R. ” (EJ 2007) ”Koldychevo Camp (Koldyczewo) , forced labor camp in Belorussia, located 11 miles from Baranovichi, established by the Germans in late 1941. In November 1942 a crematorium was constructed in which some 600 people were incinerated. It later became an extermination camp in which Russians and Polish underground members were interned along with the Jews transferred from the surrounding ghettos of Baranovichi, Nowogrodek, Slonim , and others. Jews were separated from the other prisoners and the camp in the stables of what had once been a farm. Prior to the camp's liquidation on June 29, 1944, more than 22, 000 inmates were murdered and buried in 38 mass graves in and around the camp. A prisoner, Dr. Zelik Levinbrook, supplied medicine to the partisans with the help of a former patient. An active Jewish resistance, headed by Shlomo Kushnir, a former shoemaker, existed in Koldychevo. Its arms supply was meager: two guns, four grenades, and some acid. On the night of March 17, 1944, it succeeded in leading almost all the Jewish inmates out of the camp after killing ten Nazi guards and poisoning the guard dogs. Kushnir committed suicide when he was caught with 25 others. Seventy five prisoners survived. The rest joined the partisans in the forest. ” (EJ 2007) . Subjects: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Belarus -- Baranavichy. Jewish ghettos -- Belarus -- Baranavichy. Concentration camps -- Belarus -- Koldychevo. World War, 1939-1945 -- Atrocities. Condition. (HOLO2-107-39), Holo9, (hg)
Stock number:32029.